The Pavello de la Republica Library, Barcelona, Spain

Barcelona 3

Name of the Library: The Pavello de la Republica Library
Parent Organisation: The Learning and Research Resources Centre (CRAI) – University of Barcelona

Street Address: Av. Cardenal Vidal i Barraquer, 34-36, Barcelona Spain
Postal Address: 08035 Barcelona
Telephone : +34 934285457 (incl Country code)
Web Address http://crai.ub.edu/ca/coneix-el-crai/biblioteques/biblioteca-pavello-republica
Library Email bibrepublica@ub.edu

Type of Library: Special Library
Population served: University community and researchers specialized in contemporary history of Spain
Project type: Refurbishment
Size (square metres): 1.300 square metres
Date of Completion 1937 (original building) / replica of 1992
Architect Josep Lluis Sert and Luis Lacasa (original building of 1937)
Antoni Ubach, Miquel Espinet and Juan Miguel Hernandez Leon (replica of 1992)

Barcelona 1

Description
In 1937, while Civil War raged in Spain, the Republican government took part in the Exposition internationale des arts et techniques dans la vie moderne, popularly dubbed the Paris International Exposition of 1937. Civil war, however, led to changes in the blueprint for the project, which had initially been envisaged as a showcase for the technical advances made by participating nations. Instead, the Spanish pavilion was recast to bear witness to the tragic political situation unfolding within the country: “The Spanish section at the exposition (…) can and must depict the present moment and the extraordinary efforts of the Spanish people in defence of their independence and the cause of peace in the world”.

The pavilion, known as the Pavelló de la República, was conceived by the architects Josep Lluis Sert and Luis Lacasa as an empty box. It stood three storeys in height and contained almost no walls. The first floor was kept clear and it opened onto a courtyard that was covered by a canvas awning and served as an auditorium. A staircase climbed to the second floor and a ramp led up to the third, although vertical access was also available within the interior of the structure. The construction of the building reflected severe constraints on time and materials and the plans had to be adapted to sloping terrain and a requirement not to damage any pre-existing trees on the assigned plot of land.

Barcelona 2

The basic purpose of the pavilion was cultural and informational in nature. The aim was to provide news on the current situation in Spain, clearly state the Republican government’s objectives and stress the heroic struggle of the Spanish people. Displayed in the interior of the pavilion and on its facade, which acted as a sort of giant billboard, were posters, photographs, photomontages, proclamations, informative panels, and works of arts and crafts sent directly from Spain by the central government, the governments of the autonomous regions and the trade unions. Many of the works on show sought to influence public opinion with their references to the situation of Spain before and after the Republic and on the war itself.

The construction of the building, reflecting the severe constraints on time and materials imposed by the civil war, marked a significant architectural achievement in terms of its contributions and relationships with the prevailing avant-garde of that time. Pablo Picasso exhibited his famous painting Guernica alongside works by other artists, such as Calder’s Mercury Fountain, Julio González’s sculpture La Montserrat, Miró’s mural The Reaper, and Alberto Sánchez’s sculpture The Spanish People Have a Path That Leads to a Star, which stood outside the pavilion. A great number of the works of art on view were expressly created for the pavilion and represent the artists’ commitment and solidarity in the face of the tragedy exacted by the civil war.

For the 1992 Olympic Games, the Barcelona city hall commissioned a study from the architects Ubac/Espinet to create a copy of the original Pavelló de la República, which had been destroyed at the conclusion of the 1937 Paris International Exposition. Today, this emblematic building, given by the Barcelona city hall to the University of Barcelona, is home to the Pavelló de la República Library Collection, one of the world’s foremost sources of documentation on the Second Republic, the Spanish Civil War, the Franco dictatorship, exile and Spain’s democratic transition, particularly as these events affected Catalonia. Today, visitors to the pavilion will find a reproduction of Picasso’s famous Guernica in the open courtyard, where the original painting first hung in 1937.

Zentralbibliothek Hamm, Germany

Hamm HvKF_Nachtphoto_illuminiert_13x195 cm

Name of the Library: Zentralbibliothek Hamm
Parent Organisation: Stadtbüchereien Hamm im Deutschen Bibliotheksverband e.V.

Street Address: Heinrich-von-Kleist-Forum; Platz der Deutschen Einheit 1
Postal Address: D 59065 Hamm
Telephone : 0049-2381-175752
Web Address: http://www.hamm.de/stadtbuecherei
Library Email: stadtbuecherei@stadt.hamm.de

Type of Library:  Medium size town library
Population served: 177.000
Project Type (mark applicable): New Building
Size (square metres): 4.400 m² (special events area excluded)
Heinrich-von-Kleist-Forum in total 10.000 m²
Date of Completion: February 2010
Architect: applan mory/osterwalder/vielmo; Berlin/Stuttgart

Hamm Treppenhaus_1

Description
Public library contains, presents and manages the data of the stocks of the neighbourhood University of Applied Sciences (in the same building)
Public library manages the data of the book stocks of municipal museum and municipal archive

Technology:
Self-check (onloan and return); during night-time and weekends: exterior return station
automatic cash register
automated transporting and sorting system
new generation of OPAC (features to integrate electronic data included)
administration of ebook stocks in a network of appr. 40 libraries
(financial management via a registered association)
barrier-free access to all services
professional colour design
professional customer guiding system

programs:
festival of children’s and youth literature (spring)
intercultural week(s) (september)
literature festival (october/november)

social inclusion programs:
books for babies
books for pre-schoolers
abc-books (first-year pupils)
day of reading aloud (third-year pupils)
summer reading club
youth jury/youth reading competition

Hamm Sortier- und Förderanlage

Awards, case studies, further information
Award:
library (before the opening of the new building): library of the year 2005;

Case study (in English):
Central Library of Hamm. In: IFLA. Section on Library Buildings and Equipment. Newsletter 2011, No. 1, p. 14-17 (by Olaf Eigenbrodt)
Case studies (in German):
Hamm leistet sich ein neues Zentrum / Die Zentralbibliothek im Heinrich-von-Kleist-Forum steht für gelingenden Strukturwandel. In: Buch und Bibliothek 62 (2010), Nr. 11/12, S. 790–794 (by Olaf Eigenbrodt);
Die Zentralbibliothek der Stadtbüchereien Hamm in neuem Glanz. In: B.I.T.online 13 (2010) Nr. 3, p. 307-314 (by Volker Pirsich)

Further information: http://www.bibliotheksportal.de/themen/architektur/architekturportraets.html

 

 

 

 

Liverpool Central Library, United Kingdom

Liverpool Central Library entrance, by Rept0n1x, licensed under Creative Commons (via Wikipedia.org)
Liverpool Central Library entrance, by Rept0n1x, licensed under Creative Commons (via Wikipedia.org)

Name of the Library: C, UK
Parent Organisation: Liverpool City Council, UK

Street Address: William Brown Street, Liverpool, L3 8EW
Postal Address: William Brown Street, Liverpool, L3 8EW
Telephone : +44 (0) 151 233 3000
Web Address: http://liverpool.gov.uk/libraries/find-a-library/central-library/Library Email: libraries.enquiries@liverpool.gov.uk
Type of Library : Central/ Main Library
Population served: About 500,000 people live in the city of Liverpool.
Project Type (mark applicable): New Building , Refurbishment
Size (square metres): 4,500
Date of Completion: 2013
Architect: Austin-Smith Lord

Interior of Liverpool Central Library, by John Bradley, licensed under Creative Commons (via Wikipedia.org)
Interior of Liverpool Central Library, by John Bradley, licensed under Creative Commons (via Wikipedia.org)

Description
Plenty of information and pictures available here: http://designinglibraries.org.uk/documents/Liverpool_Central_Library.pdf
Awards, case studies, further information
National Building Excellence Award
Project of the Year 2014, RICS Awards

 

 

Malmo City Library, Sweden

Malmo City Library.  Photo: Johan Kalen
Malmo City Library. Photo: Johan Kalen

Name of the Library: Malmo City Library
Parent Organisation: Malmo City

Street Address: King Oscars vag Malmo Sweden
Postal Address: 205 81 Malmo
Telephone :+46406608500
Web Address: http://www.malmo.se/bibliotek
Library Email: stadsbiblioteteket@malmo.se

Type of Library : Central/ Main Library
Population served:320,000
Project Type:  Extension, Refurbishment
Size (square metres):15,000
Date of Completion:1999
Architect: Henning Larsen

Malmo City Library  Interior from the  Calendar of Light. Photo: Joakim Raboff
Malmo City Library Interior from the Calendar of Light. Photo: Joakim Raboff

Description
The Library is characterised by its trisection with regard to both volume and light presentation. The name ‘calendar of Light”, Henning Larsen’s competition entry in 1992 is expressive and refers to the open reading room on the west side of the building as its undisputed heart. The ‘Palace’ on the east side which was built in 1901 as a museum and has acted as the main library since 1946 is now of secondary importance when it comes to competition and with its introversion contrasts well with the extroversion of the great hall. The ‘Cylinder’ in the middle of this composition of three distinct building entities, acts as the main entrance and the link between the two principal parts.

Flexibility was a key word during the entire planning period for the City Library, and that word has followed ever since. Each part of the Library must operate in different contexts. There must be flexibility that makes it easy to change settings and putting spaces to new uses.

Malmo is a cosmopolitan city. About one third of the population come from a different cultural or linguistic background, among young people the figure is even higher. The multicultural society is a reality.

It is also noticeable that only one third of the Library’s more than 900,000 annual visits result in a loan. This means that two thirds of visitors use the Library for other purposes. If the libraries are to involve more people, then it is important to accept that the Library is about more than books and borrowing, and that some of the resources previously tied to loan activities must be freed for other purposes.

Malmo City Library, night view. Photo: Lisbeth Svensson
Malmo City Library, night view. Photo: Lisbeth Svensson

Awards, case studies, further information
Kaspar Sahlin priset = Kaspar Salin Prize
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kasper_Salin_Prize 1997
http://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kasper_Salin-priset  (år 1997)

Stadsbyggnadspriset = Urban Development Award 1997
http://www.malmo.se/Medborgare/Bo–bygga/Arrangemang/Stadsbyggnadspriset/Tidigare-ars-vinnare–av-Stadsbyggnadspriset/1997.html

Akademikerförbundet DIK’s award, “Library of the Year” 2003
http://www.dik.se/service-foermaaner/stipendier,-priser-och-utmaerkelser/aarets-bibliotek/

Malmö stads integrationspris 2006 = Malmö’s integration Prize 2006

http://www.malmo.se/download/18.2d03134212cf2b7c00b80003281/1383649192899/Integrationspris+2000+-+2010.pdf

Kunskapspriset, nationalencyklopedien, 2006 = Knowledge Award, prize instituted by NE Nationalencyklopedin AB and distributed annually 2002-2011 to prominent distributor of knowledge.
http://www.ne.se/kunskapspriset

 

 

 

Stadtbibliothek Ulm

Photo: Martin Duckek
Photo: Martin Duckek

Name of the Library: Stadtbibliothek Ulm

Street Address: Vestgasse 1 Ulm Germany
Postal Address: 89073 Ulm Germany
Telephone : 0049 (0) 731 161 4100
Web Address: stadtbibliothek.ulm.de
Library Email: stadtbibliothek@ulm.de

Type of Library: Central Library
Population served:118.000
Project Type : New Building
Size (square metres): 4670 m²
Date of Completion 19.04.2004
Architect Mr. Prof. Gottfried Böhm

Description
Situated directly adjacent to the historical Town Hall and near Ulm Minster, the Public Library has the form of an imposing pyramid, with a footprint of 28 x 28 m and a total height of more than 36 m. The exceptional feature of this building, designed by the Cologne architect Gottfried Böhm, is that its outer façade of more than 4,994 m2 is made of glass.
Slogan: You have questions- we have the answers!
Awards, case studies, further information
URL for info on the building
http://www.ulm.de/kultur_tourismus/bibliotheken_und_literatur/gebaeude

Seinäjoki Public Library , Finland

Main entrance. Photo  Jukka Kontkanen
Main entrance. Photo Jukka Kontkanen

Name of the Library: Seinäjoki Public Library – Provincial Library
Parent Organisation: City of Seinäjoki

Street Address: Alvar Aallon katu 14, 60100 Seinäjoki, Finland
Postal Address: P.O.B. 217, 60100 Seinäjoki, Finland
Telephone : +358 6 416 2317
Web Address:
http://www2.seinajoki.fi/english/services/library/ (services of the library)
http://seinajoenkirjasto.blogspot.fi/p/the-new-main-library-apila.html (main library building)
Library Email: kirjasto@seinajoki.fi

Type of Library:  Central/ Main Library , Regional Library
Population served: There are about 60 000 inhabitants in Seinäjoki.
Project Type: Extension,  New Building
Size (square metres): 3 500 square meters
Date of Completion The main library Apila was opened to public on the 20th of August 2012.
Architect JKMM architects, Head designer is architect Mr. Asmo Jaaksi

Reading steps are the heart of the library. Photo Jukka Kontkanen
Reading steps are the heart of the library. Photo Jukka Kontkanen

Description
The main library in Seinäjoki consists of two buildings: Apila, opened in 2012, and the old main library, designed by Alvar Aalto. The Aalto library was built in 1965. It will be repaired and renovated the way Aalto originally designed it. The Aalto library will be opened most likely in the spring of 2015. There will be an underground passageway between the two buildings.

The check-in and check-out are fully automated. There is a check-in unit in the entrance hall and check-out units in every department.  The check-in and check-out are based on RFID-technology (Radio Frequency Identification): All the material in the library has an RFID tag that includes information about the specific item. Also bar code labels are still used.

For reserves there is a self-service pick-up: every reserve has an individual reserve number that helps to identify the reserves. The customers can find their reserved material according to this number. You can’t by accident check-out someone else’s reserve; the check-out unit prevents it.

The new library located so near the famous Aalto centre has affected the designing. The architecture of the library had to differ from Alvar Aalto designs but there are also references to Aalto in the Apila library. The shape of the building has been influenced by Japanese origami; there are a lot of sharp edges and triangular forms, another example are the pleats in the book hall ceiling.
There is a lot of concrete visible and as a contrast to it there are e.g. white wooden gratings covering the walls in the ground floor, white desks and colourful furniture. There are a lot of Finnish and international design classics among the furniture. The interior design is by interior decorator Päivi Meuronen. Her touch can be seen everywhere in the library, she has designed the fittings and chosen the furniture. Many items are designed specific for this library.

Children's Department. Photo Hanna Kotila
Children’s Department. Photo Hanna Kotila

In the children’s department the scale is fitted for children. The ceiling is lower and the furniture is smaller. There is even a small toilet for children. There is a lovely story time room with magical atmosphere. Book houses are a good place to read with parents or do homework.

The youth and music department is located in the basement and is inspired by the book Hitchhiker’s guide to the galaxy by Douglas Adams. Atmosphere there is futuristic and the main color is white. The reading nooks in the wall bring color to the space.

Space to spend time:
In the Apila library there are lot of space just to spend time. Customers have really taken the library as their living room.
– news area with café and tables and computers for reading newspapers and magazines
– colorful reading nooks in the youth and music department
– book houses in the children’s department
– quiet reading room for studying
– lots of tables, rocking chairs and armchairs for reading, meeting people etc.
– reading steps (a venue for events and a place for reading)
– Jaaksi hall (a conference room)
Events
There are lots of different kinds of events in the library: concerts, author’s visits, meetings, dancing, storytimes, singing, book talks, exhibitions, lessons on using the internet and databases, lectures, movie nights etc. Part of the events are arranged with partners in cooperation.

Awards, case studies, further information
Seinäjoki City Library is among Top 10 of Finnish architecture biennal review 2014
The European Copper in Architecture Awards gave Special commendations to the Seinäjoki city library.
Seinäjoki city library is Concrete building of the year 2012 in Finland
Commendation in European Union Prize for Contemporary Architecture – Mies van der Rohe Award 2013

 

Campaspe Regional Library, Echuca, Victoria, Australia

day eighty one 022
Entrance to the Library

Name of the Library: Campaspe Regional Library
Parent Organisation: Shire of Campaspe

Street Address: 310 Hare Street, Echuca, 3564, Victoria, Australia
Postal Address: PO Box 35, Echuca, 3564, Victoria, Australia
Telephone :61354812400
Web Address: http://www.campaspe.vic.gov.au/library
Library Email: libraries@ campaspe.vic.gov.au/library

Type of Library :Central/ Main Library , Regional Library
Population served:46,000
Project Type:  New Building
Size (square metres):1300
Date of Completion: 24/08/2014
Architect:Brian Mathieson, Perrott Lyon Mathieson

 

View of the river from the Library
View of the river from the Library

Description
Although a very long time in the planning, it has certainly been worth the wait.  The new Campaspe Regional Library in Echuca was officially opened on August 24, 2012 and since that first moment it has been embraced by the community and it has certainly become the community hub it was destined to be.

The previous library which served the Echuca/Moama district for over 50 years was in a very small and inadequate building with only 280sqm of public floor space.  A collection of close to 40,000 was literally bursting at the seams, let alone the difficulty to provide comfortable and welcoming spaces for people and the provision of technology related items.

For many years the Campaspe Shire sought to find the most appropriate location for this well used and popular community facility.  In 2010 Council decided to proceed with the construction of a new building on the corner of Hare and Heygarth Street, Echuca.  An absolutely perfect position with the mighty Murray River and the riverine environment as a backdrop while still remaining close to the CBD and other Council services.

The architects worked very diligently with the community and a range of stakeholders to ensure that the design was sensitive to the environment, as well as being respectful of the War Memorial which was situated on the south west corner of the available footprint.  It was important to retain a sense of transparency through to the rivergums and the river and also desirable from within the building to be have a sense of connectedness and harmony with the environment.   This was achieved and the view over the river, the Port of Echuca and the paddlesteamers passing by is the envy of many.   A very quiet and respectful part of the library is situated behind the War Memorial which allows for a sense of reverence and contemplation.  Special collections including two privately donated military collections add to this atmosphere in beautifully designed cabinets along the western wall.

pmma award photos 045

External building features include pre-loved timbers from the recently decommissioned historic wharf, specially designed ironbark canopies draw you in to the library.  There is a marvellous book feature to the left of the front entry doors which highlights all the other service points the library serves.  Local indigenous emblems have been incorporated into the signage throughout the building.  The design is pragmatic, yet iconic and is very identifiable as a library.

Internal features include flexible shelving, with about 60% being mobile.  There are two meeting rooms which can be accessed after hours without impacting on the security of the rest of the library.  Everything is situated on one level and is very accessible to all ages and abilities.  The amenities include a beautiful parent’s room, thus providing a very important facility for residents and visitors to the region.   The building has been designed in a way so that whatever the weather may be outside it will draw in the natural light with skylights right through the middle, as well as alcoves protecting the patrons from the harsh summer sun and gorgeous full length glass windows that allow the winter sun in.   The youth area features gaming units and custom designed banquette booths that encourage young people to sit, study and socialise together.  Locally donated wooden tables and chairs add to the ambience of the building and are very conducive for studying, either in groups or individually.  The library was opened in the National Year of Reading and there are two large signs within the library that will serve as an ongoing legacy and reminder of this special year.

A number of partnerships have assisted with providing special collections and resources including the Friends of the Library who raised enough money to furnish the library throughout.  The Echuca
Lions Club provided additional funding to purchase resources and assistive technology for people with impaired vision.  The library has a close relationship with the Community Living and Respite Services (CLRS) and it houses a collection for families and individuals with ASD.

There have been two noticeable changes in usage, firstly the visitation numbers through the door have gone from about 5000 per month to 15000 per month, even after nearly two years of operation this has remained steady.  And secondly it is all the activity that the library now creates with a wide variety of clubs and organisations using the building each week to meet, to learn and to socialise.   The previous library could not provide the space that now allows people to come together for clubs such as chess, cards, crochet, photography, lego, computers, knitting and more recently the inter-cultural club which welcomes CALD people to the area.   A wide range of early literacy programs are held including toddler rhymetime, storytimes, baby/parents rhymetime, holiday activities, homework help and reading clubs.  Activities for adults include book chats, book clubs, special events, music events (we even have a piano), health and wellbeing talks.  The list goes on… and on many occasions these activities are happening concurrently.   It is due to the space, the acoustic treatment and flexibility that they don’t impact on each other; they actually complement each other instead.    There is natural sense of vibrancy and warmth that is generated by the various activities that occur.

Even on a quiet day it is still lovely to walk around and watch people enjoy the space, they feel welcome and comfortable to have a coffee or byo lunch.  Accessing the electronic world we live in is encouraged with study benches, free wifi and lap top tables that look out to the river.  There is a central reading area to access the newspaper, browse the magazines, access reference material, pick up your reservation or take part in the community jigsaw.  Lots of really nice features that say this is a library, you are welcome and please stay a while.

In 2013 the Campaspe Regional Library was awarded the Project Management Award Community Services and/or Development, Victoria by the Project Management Association Australia, Victoria Chapter.  It was then part of the PMAA National Awards.
A history of the project was presented in a paper to the By Design Conference in November 2013.

In 2014 the Library was awarded the Pierre Gorman Award from the State Library of Victoria to deliver the Being Connected : Libraries and Autism Project in partnership with CLRS which it is currently working on.  The project key deliverable is to undertake a sensory audit of all libraries within the region to improve their internal environment and program delivery for people with ASD.
A large number of amazing events have been held with huge visitation numbers including the Community Celebration Day, Dinosaur Exhibition from the National Dinosaur Museum, Jazz in your loungeroom, Melbourne Writers Festival, High Road to Reading, Free Comic Book Day, Winter Blues Festival, Victorian Indigenous Honour Roll, Landcare Awards and the Australian Poetry Slam regional heat 2013.

It has become a vibrant, cultural, educational and recreational facility with only more good things to come.
Awards, case studies, further information
In 2013 the Campaspe Regional Library was awarded the Project Management Award Community Services and/or Development, Victoria by the Project Management Association Australia, Victoria Chapter.  It was then part of the PMAA National Awards.
A history of the project was presented in a paper to the By Design Conference in November 2013.

In 2014 the Library was awarded the Pierre Gorman Award from the State Library of Victoria to deliver the Being Connected : Libraries and Autism Project in partnership with CLRS which it is currently working on.  The project key deliverable is to undertake a sensory audit of all libraries within the region to improve their internal environment and program delivery for people with ASD.

A large number of amazing events have been held with huge visitation numbers including the Community Celebration Day, Dinosaur Exhibition from the National Dinosaur Museum, Jazz in your loungeroom, Melbourne Writers Festival, High Road to Reading, Free Comic Book Day, Winter Blues Festival, Victorian Indigenous Honour Roll, Landcare Awards and the Australian Poetry Slam regional heat 2013.

It has become a vibrant, cultural, educational and recreational facility with only more good things to come.